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Bio-protective microbial agents from rhizosphere eco-systems trigger plant defense responses provide protection against sheath blight disease in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Singh, Udai B., Malviya, Deepti, Wasiullah,, Singh, Shailendra, Pradhan, Jatindra K., Singh, Bhanu P., Roy, Manish, Imram, Mohd., Pathak, Neelam, Baisyal, B.M., Rai, Jai P., Sarma, B.K., Singh, Rajiv K., Sharma, P.K., Kaur, Saman Deep, Manna, M.C., Sharma, Sushil K., Sharma, Arun K.
Microbiological research 2016 v.192 pp. 300-312
Oryza sativa, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Thanatephorus cucumeris, Trichoderma harzianum, antioxidants, bioaccumulation, biological control, biological control agents, blight, disease control, enzymes, fungi, growth promotion, mycelium, pathogens, plant growth, rhizosphere, rice, toxic substances
Sheath blight of rice (Oryza sativa L.) caused by Rhizoctonia solani is a major disease and attempts are being made to develop microbe based technologies for biocontrol of this pathogen. However, the mechanisms of biocontrol are not fully understood and still require indepth study in the backdrop of emerging concepts in biological systems. The present investigation was aimed at deciphering the mechanisms of biocontrol of sheath blight of rice employing Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma harzianum as model agents for biocontrol. Initially 25, 5 and 5 strains of P. fluorescens, T. viride and T. harzianum, respectively, were screened for their biocontrol potential. Out of which, six strains with higher value of percent inhibition of fungal mycelium in dual plate assay were selected. The role of P. fluorescens, T. viride and T. harzianum were investigated in induction and bioaccumulation of natural antioxidants, defence-related biomolecules and other changes in plant which lead not only to growth promotion but also protection from pathogenic stress conditions in rice. The two most promising strains, P. fluorescens PF-08 and T. harzianum UBSTH-501 selected on the basis of in planta evaluation, when applied individually or in combination, significantly enhanced the accumulation of defence-related biomolecules, enzymes and exhibited biocontrol potential against R. solani. A modified/newly developed delivery system was applied for the first time in the experiments involving inoculation of plants with both bioagents, viz. P. fluorescens PF-08 and T. harzianum UBSTH-501. Results suggested that application of P. fluorescens PF-08 and T. harzianum UBSTH-501 alone or in combination, not only helps in control of the disease but also increases plant growth along with reduction in application of toxic chemical pesticides.