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Development of colloidal gold-based immunochromatographic assay for rapid detection of Mycoplasma suis in porcine plasma

Meng, Kai, Sun, Wenjing, Zhao, Peng, Zhang, Limei, Cai, Dongjie, Cheng, Ziqiang, Guo, Huijun, Liu, Jianzhu, Yang, Dubao, Wang, Shujing, Chai, Tongjie
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2014 v.55 pp. 396-399
Classical swine fever virus, Escherichia coli, Mycoplasma suis, Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, Toxoplasma, Ungulate protoparvovirus 1, biosensors, bovine serum albumin, cross reaction, detection limit, gold, immunoaffinity chromatography, mice, nanogold, pathogens, pneumonia, polyclonal antibodies, rapid methods, sodium citrate, swine
A one-step immunochromatographic assay using gold nanoparticles coated with polyclonal antibody (pAb) against Mycoplasma suis (M. suis) was developed in this study for the detection of M. suis in porcine plasma. The colloidal gold was prepared by the reduction of gold salt with sodium citrate coupled with pAb against M. suis. The pAb was produced by immunizing the BALB/c mice with recombinant MSG1 (rMSG1) protein from M. suis expressed in Escherichia coli. The optimal concentrations of the capture antibody and the coating antibody were 12μg/ml and 1.5mg/ml, respectively, and that of the blocking buffer was 1% bovine serum albumin. The lower detection limit of the immunochromatographic assay test was 100ng/ml with visual detection under optimal conditions of analysis. Classical swine fever virus, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, swine pneumonia mycoplasma, swine toxoplasma, and porcine parvovirus were used to evaluate the specificity of the immunochromatographic strips. No cross-reaction of the antibodies with other related swine pathogens was observed. This qualitative test based on the visual evaluation of the results did not require any equipment. The assay time for M. suis detection was less than 10min, suitable for rapid detection at the grassroots level. The one-step colloidal gold immunochromatographic strips that we developed had high specificity and sensitivity. Therefore, this method would be feasible, convenient, rapid, and effective for detecting M. suis in porcine plasma.