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QCM-D providing new horizon in the domain of sensitivity range and information for haemostasis of human plasma

Hussain, Munawar, Northoff, Hinnak, Gehring, Frank K
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2015 v.66 pp. 579-584
anticoagulants, biosensors, blood coagulation disorders, coagulation, fibrinogen, hemostasis, heparin, humans, monitoring, prothrombin, quartz, surgery, thromboplastin
Monitoring of the haemostasis status is significant for proper therapeutic directions and decisions in surgery and innate coagulation disorders. In this regard, to gain a general overview of the plasmatic coagulation, prothrombin time (PT) tests are frequently combined with tests for activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). For aPTT we report for the first time that a QCM-D (Quartz Crystal Microbalances with Dissipation) based technique offers a better alternative to the standard coagulometer method in the perspective of range and information. We used heparin as anticoagulant to generate different coagulation times for human plasma. QCM-D astonishingly proved to be more sensitive and reliable than the standard coagulometer for aPTT range of upper limits of coagulation times. The established platform can monitor the fibrinogen concentration ranging from 1–6g/L (yielding R2=0.98 in calibration curves) along with aPTT from frequency and dissipation shifts together in a single set of measurements. Additionally the sensor layers have been tested for reusability, demonstrating no loss in sensor characteristics up to ten times measurements.