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Highly sensitive electrochemiluminescenc assay of acetylcholinesterase activity based on dual biomarkers using Pd–Au nanowires as immobilization platform

Ye, Cui, Wang, Min-Qiang, Zhong, Xia, Chen, Shihong, Chai, Yaqin, Yuan, Ruo
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2016 v.79 pp. 34-40
acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase, biomarkers, biosensors, choline oxidase, detection limit, electrochemiluminescence, electron transfer, gold, immobilized enzymes, nanocomposites, nanowires, palladium, surface area
One-dimensional Pd–Au nanowires (Pd–Au NWs) were prepared and applied to fabricate an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor for the detection of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Compared with single-component of Pd or Au, the bimetallic nanocomposite of Pd–Au NWs offers a larger surface area for the immobilization of enzyme, and displays superior electrocatalytic activity and efficient electron transport capacity. In the presence of AChE and choline oxidase (ChOx), acetylcholine (ATCl) is hydrolyzed by AChE to generate thiocholine, then thiocholine is catalyzed by ChOx to produce H2O2in situ, which serves as the coreactant to effectively enhance the ECL intensity in luminol-ECL system. The detection principle is based on the inhibited AChE and reactivated AChE as dual biomarkers, in which AChE was inhibited by organophosphorus (OP) agents, and then reactivated by obidoxime. Such dual biomarkers method can achieve credible evaluation for AChE activity via providing AChE activity before and after reactivation. The liner range for AChE activity detection was from 0.025UL⁻¹ to 25KUL⁻¹ with a low detection limit down to 0.0083UL⁻¹.