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A novel DNA biosensor integrated with Polypyrrole/streptavidin and Au-PAMAM-CP bionanocomposite probes to detect the rs4839469 locus of the vangl1 gene for dysontogenesis prediction

Li, Qingying, Yu, Chao, Gao, Rufei, Xia, Chunyong, Yuan, Guolin, Li, Yuliang, Zhao, Yilin, Chen, Qiutong, He, Junlin
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2016 v.80 pp. 674-681
DNA, biocompatibility, biosensors, congenital abnormalities, detection limit, electrodes, electron transfer, genes, gold, loci, nanocomposites, nanogold, neural tube defects, prediction, single nucleotide polymorphism, streptavidin
The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the vangl1 gene is highly correlated with Neural Tube Defects (NTDs), a group of severe congenital malformations. It is hindered by the lack of a quantitative detection method. We first propose the use of a DNA biosensor to detect the missense single nucleotide polymorphism (rs4839469 c.346G>A p.Ala116Thr) of the vangl1 gene in this work. Polypyrrole (PPy) and streptavidin were integrated to modify a gold electrode. We took advantage of the PPy's good biocompatibility and excellent conductivity. To further accelerate the electron transfer process at the electrode surface, polyamidoamine dendrimer-encapsulated gold nanoparticles (Au-PAMAM) were used, because Au-PAMAM possess a large number of amino groups to load capture probes (CP). Using the biotin-streptavidin system, the Au-PAMAM-CP bionanocomposite probe, which can detect the target DNA, was conjugated to the electrode surface. Under optimal conditions, the DNA biosensor exhibited a wide linear range of 0.1–100nM with a low detection limit of 0.033nM (S/N=3). The results suggest that this approach has the potential to be used in clinical research.