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Three-dimensional graphene-like carbon frameworks as a new electrode material for electrochemical determination of small biomolecules

Deng, Wenfang, Yuan, Xiaoyan, Tan, Yueming, Ma, Ming, Xie, Qingji
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2016 v.85 pp. 618-624
ascorbic acid, biosensors, blood serum, detection limit, dopamine, electrochemistry, electron transfer, glassy carbon electrode, graphene, humans, nickel, nitrates, nitrogen content, oxidation, surface area, uric acid
Three-dimensional (3D) graphene-like carbon frameworks (3DGLCFs) were facilely prepared via copyrolysis of polyaniline and nickel nitrate powder, followed by acid etching. The as-prepared 3DGLCFs possess graphene-like network structure, high specific surface area, and high content nitrogen dopant. Because these features enable large electrochemically active surface area, rapid electron transfer, and fast transport of analytes to electrode surface, the 3DGLCFs modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) shows current response much higher than commercial graphene (CG) modified GCE towards the oxidation of ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA). The anodic peak separations at 3DGLCFs/GCE are 0.23V between AA and DA, 0.13V between DA and UA, and 0.36V between AA and UA. For the simultaneous electrochemical determination of AA, DA and UA using differential pulse voltammetry, the 3DGLCFs/GCE shows linear response ranges of 1.25×10⁻⁵–4×10⁻⁴M for AA, 5×10⁻⁸–1.0×10⁻⁵M for DA, and 5×10⁻⁸–1.5×10⁻⁵M for UA, with low detection limits of 2×10⁻⁶M for AA, 1×10⁻⁸M for DA, and 1×10⁻⁸M for UA. The 3DGLCFs/GCE was also applied for the measurement of human serum, exhibiting satisfactory recoveries.