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A regulating method for reducing nitrogen loss based on enriched ammonia-oxidizing bacteria during composting

Zhang, Yun, Zhao, Yue, Chen, Yanni, Lu, Qian, Li, Mingxiao, Wang, Xueqin, Wei, Yuquan, Xie, Xinyu, Wei, Zimin
Bioresource technology 2016 v.221 pp. 276-283
ammonia, bacteria, bacterial communities, composting, ecological succession, environmental factors, methodology, nitrites, nitrogen, oxidation, poultry manure, rice straw
In this study, enriched ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) were acquired by domesticated cultivation, followed by inoculation into the co-composting of rice straw and chicken manure. The effect of inoculation on nitrogen loss, the succession of bacterial community and the correlation between the key bacteria and environmental factors were investigated. The results showed that inoculation could reduce ammonia emission and nitrogen loss by transforming ammonium into nitrite. Inoculation also increased the amount and abundance of bacterial community. Redundancy analysis showed that indigenous and exogenous bacteria in inoculation group, compared with those in control group, were positively correlated with nitrite but negatively correlated with ammonium, demonstrating that the former contributed to the lower ammonia emission and nitrogen loss. Based on these results, the application of enriched AOB was proposed as a new method of resource recycle and improvement of composting technology.