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Differential effects of dietary Cu deficiency and excess on carnitine status, kinetics and expression of CPT I in liver and muscle of yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco
- Chen, Qi-Liang, Luo, Zhi, Liu, Cai-Xia, Zheng, Jia-Lang
- Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B 2015 v.188 pp. 24-30
- Tachysurus fulvidraco, carnitine, copper, diet, fish nutrition, gene expression, juveniles, liver, messenger RNA, muscles, nutrient deficiencies
- The present study was conducted to determine the effect of dietary Cu deficiency and excess on carnitine status, kinetics and expression of CPT I in the liver and muscle of juvenile yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. To this end, yellow catfish were fed 0.76 (Cu deficiency), 4.18 (adequate Cu) and 92.45 (Cu excess)mgCukg−1 diet, respectively, for 8weeks. In the liver, Cu deficiency did not significantly affect the contents of FC, TC and AC, and the ratios of AC/FC and FC/TC. However, Cu excess reduced FC, TC and AC contents, and the ratio of AC/FC, but increased FC/TC ratio. In the muscle, dietary Cu levels showed no significant effects on the contents of FC, TC and AC as well as the ratio of FC/TC, but Cu excess significantly increased the ratio of AC/FC. Compared to the adequate Cu group, dietary Cu deficiency did not significantly affect the Vmax and Km values, and the ratio of Vmax/Km in the liver and muscle. However, Cu excess decreased Vmax and Vmax/Km ratio in the liver, and increased Vmax in the muscle. The mRNA expression of CPT Iα1a, CPT Iα1b, CPT Iα2a and CPT Iβ in the liver and muscle was influenced by dietary Cu levels. To our knowledge, the present study provided, for the first time, evidence that dietary Cu deficiency and excess differentially influenced carnitine status, kinetics and expression profiles of CPT I of yellow catfish, which would extend our understanding on Cu nutrition in fish.