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WT1 Recruits TET2 to Regulate Its Target Gene Expression and Suppress Leukemia Cell Proliferation

Wang, Yiping, Xiao, Mengtao, Chen, Xiufei, Chen, Leilei, Xu, Yanping, Lv, Lei, Wang, Pu, Yang, Hui, Ma, Shenghong, Lin, Huaipeng, Jiao, Bo, Ren, Ruibao, Ye, Dan, Guan, Kun-Liang, Xiong, Yue
Molecular cell 2015 v.57 pp. 662-673
DNA, DNA methylation, carcinogenesis, cell proliferation, enzymes, gene expression, genes, mutation, myeloid leukemia, neoplasm cells, nucleotide sequences, transcription factors
The TET2 DNA dioxygenase regulates cell identity and suppresses tumorigenesis by modulating DNA methylation and expression of a large number of genes. How TET2, like most other chromatin-modifying enzymes, is recruited to specific genomic sites is unknown. Here we report that WT1, a sequence-specific transcription factor, is mutated in a mutually exclusive manner with TET2, IDH1, and IDH2 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). WT1 physically interacts with and recruits TET2 to its target genes to activate their expression. The interaction between WT1 and TET2 is disrupted by multiple AML-derived TET2 mutations. TET2 suppresses leukemia cell proliferation and colony formation in a manner dependent on WT1. These results provide a mechanism for targeting TET2 to a specific DNA sequence in the genome. Our results also provide an explanation for the mutual exclusivity of WT1 and TET2 mutations in AML, and suggest an IDH1/2-TET2-WT1 pathway in suppressing AML.