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Oxidative Modification of miR-184 Enables It to Target Bcl-xL and Bcl-w

Wang, Jian-Xun, Gao, Jie, Ding, Su-Ling, Wang, Kun, Jiao, Jian-Qin, Wang, Yin, Sun, Teng, Zhou, Lu-Yu, Long, Bo, Zhang, Xiao-Jie, Li, Qian, Liu, Jin-Ping, Feng, Chang, Liu, Jia, Gong, Ying, Zhou, Zhixia, Li, Pei-Feng
Molecular cell 2015 v.59 pp. 50-61
animal models, apoptosis, cardiovascular diseases, cell lines, heart, messenger RNA, microRNA, neoplasms, non-coding RNA, rats, reactive oxygen species, translation (genetics)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs, and they bind to complementary sequences in the three prime untranslated regions (3′ UTRs) of target mRNA transcripts, thereby inhibiting mRNA translation or promoting mRNA degradation. Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause cell-damaging effects through oxidative modification of macromolecules leading to their inappropriate functions. Such oxidative modification is related to cancers, aging, and neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases. Here we report that miRNAs can be oxidatively modified by ROS. We identified that miR-184 upon oxidative modification associates with the 3′ UTRs of Bcl-xL and Bcl-w that are not its native targets. The mismatch of oxidized miR-184 with Bcl-xL and Bcl-w is involved in the initiation of apoptosis in the study with rat heart cell line H9c2 and mouse models. Our results reveal a model of ROS in regulating cellular events by oxidatively modifying miRNA.