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Purification of antibiotics from the biocontrol agent Streptomyces anulatus S37 by centrifugal partition chromatography

Couillerot, Olivier, Loqman, Souad, Toribio, Alix, Hubert, Jane, Gandner, Léa, Nuzillard, Jean-Marc, Ouhdouch, Yedir, Clément, Christophe, Barka, Essaid Ait, Renault, Jean-Hugues
Journal of Chromatography B 2014 v.944 pp. 30-34
Streptomyces anulatus, Vitis vinifera, acetonitrile, biological control agents, countercurrent chromatography, culture media, ethyl acetate, metabolites, methanol, nigericin, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, plant pathogens, plantlets, rhizosphere, solvents
A novel actinomycete strain, Streptomyces anulatus S37, has been isolated from the rhizosphere of healthy Moroccan Vitis vinifera on the basis on its ability to promote grapevine growth and to induce natural defences against various phytopathogens. In the present work, the main bioactive metabolites produced by S. anulatus S37 were isolated. A crude n-BuOH extract of the S37 fermentation broth was firstly partitioned in a biphasic solvent system composed of n-heptane, methanol, and water (5:1.5:3.5, v/v). The most active organic fraction (1.1g) as revealed by TLC-bioautography was subsequently separated by a two-step centrifugal partition chromatography procedure. The first separation was performed in the ascending mode at 6mL/min with the biphasic solvent system n-heptane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water (2:1:2:1, v/v), to finally recover 40mg of a pure compound identified as streptochlorin by NMR spectroscopy. In a second separation, the solvent system n-heptane, acetonitrile, and water (5:5:4, v/v) was used in the ascending mode at 3mL/min to purify 135mg of nigericin and 53mg of piericidin A1. Assays performed with the three compounds have confirmed their inhibitory impact on the growth of Botryris cinerea in dual confrontation and also on V. vinifera L. plantlets.