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Chemistry, antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt)

Gupta, Ashish Deep, Bansal, Vipin Kumar, Babu, Vikash, Maithil, Nishi
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology 2013 v.11 pp. 25-31
2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, Aspergillus niger, Myristica fragrans, Staphylococcus aureus, acetone, alpha-pinene, antifungal properties, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, bacteria, beta-carotene, beta-pinene, bleaching, butanol, carvacrol, ethanol, eugenol, fungi, gallic acid, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, methanol, nutmeg, p-cymene, sabinene, seed extracts
Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) seed extracts were evaluated. Seeds were extracted with acetone, ethanol, methanol, butanol and water. All the extracts have shown significant antioxidant and antimicrobial activities against the tested microorganisms. Among all extracts, acetone extract has shown the highest antioxidant activity. The acetone extract showed 93.12±1.48mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/100g dry weight total phenolic content, DPPH scavenging activity of 63.04±1.56%, chelating activity of 64.11±2.21% and 74.36±1.94% inhibition of β-carotene bleaching, at 1mg/mL extract concentration. Out of all extracts, acetone extract was able to exert antimicrobial activity against all tested bacteria and fungi. Acetone extract has shown the strongest antibacterial and antifungal activity with Staphylococcus aureus (13.8±0.42mm) and Aspergillus niger (14.4±0.37mm), respectively. GC–MS analysis of acetone extract has revealed the presence of 32 compounds of extract representing 99.49%. Sabinene (28.61%) has shown the highest occurrence in the extract. β-Pinene (10.26), α-pinene (9.72), myristicin (4.30%), isoeugenol (2.72%), p-cymene (1.81%), carvacrol (1.54%), eugenol (0.89%) and β-caryophellene (0.82%) were reported as possible contributor for antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of nutmeg.