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A proteomic perspective of the interplay of Staphylococcus aureus and human alveolar epithelial cells during infection

Surmann, Kristin, Simon, Marjolaine, Hildebrandt, Petra, Pförtner, Henrike, Michalik, Stephan, Stentzel, Sebastian, Steil, Leif, Dhople, Vishnu M., Bernhardt, Jörg, Schlüter, Rabea, Depke, Maren, Gierok, Philipp, Lalk, Michael, Bröker, Barbara M., Schmidt, Frank, Völker, Uwe
Journal of proteomics 2015 v.128 pp. 203-217
Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria, bacterial proteins, cell walls, epithelial cells, epithelium, human health, humans, infectious diseases, monitoring, pathogens, proteome, proteomics, stress response
Infectious diseases caused by pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus are still a major threat for human health. Proteome analyses allow detailed monitoring of the molecular interplay between pathogen and host upon internalization. However, the investigation of the responses of both partners is complicated by the large excess of host cell proteins compared to bacterial proteins as well as by the fact that only a fraction of host cells are infected. In the present study we infected human alveolar epithelial A549 cells with S. aureus HG001 pMV158GFP and separated intact bacteria from host cell debris or infected from non-infected A549 cells by cell sorting to enable detailed proteome analysis. During the first 6.5h in the intracellular milieu S. aureus displayed reduced growth rate, induction of the stringent response, adaptation to microaerobic conditions as well as cell wall stress. Interestingly, both truly infected host cells and those not infected but exposed to secreted S. aureus proteins and host cell factors showed differences in the proteome pattern compared to A549 cells which had never been in contact with S. aureus. However, adaptation reactions were more pronounced in infected compared to non-infected A549 bystander cells.