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Chemical characterization, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant capacity of jussara (Euterpe edulis) fruit from the Atlantic Forest in southern Brazil
- Graciele Da Silva Campelo Borges, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Cristiane Copetti, Luciano Valdemiro Gonzaga, Rui Carlos Zambiazi, Jorge Mancini Filho, Roseane Fett
- Food research international 2011 v.44 no.7 pp. 2128-2133
- Euterpe edulis, altitude, anthocyanins, antioxidant activity, fatty acid composition, forests, fruit composition, fruits, linoleic acid, lipid content, oleic acid, phenolic acids, proteins, summer, temperature, tropical and subtropical fruits, Brazil
- Samples of fruit from the jussara palm plant (Euterpe edulis), collected in different regions of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, were analyzed for chemical composition, phenolic acids, anthocyanins, flavonoids and fatty acids profile. Results indicated that the jussara fruit has a high lipid content (18.45–44.08%), oleic acid (44.17–55.61%) and linoleic acid (18.19–25.36%) are the fatty acids found in the highest proportion, and other components were proteins (5.13–8.21%), ash (1.55–3.32%) and moisture (34.95–42.47%). Significant differences were found in the total phenolic, total monomeric anthocyanins and other flavonoids for the samples from the five cultivation regions. The fruit from region E harvested in summer, with high temperatures and medium altitudes, had the highest contents of total phenolics (2610.86±3.89mg 100g⁻¹ GAE) and monomeric anthocyanins (1080.54±2.33mg 100g⁻¹ cy-3-glu). The phenolic compound included ferulic, gallic, hydroxybenzoic and p-coumaric acids, as well as catechin, epicatechin and quercetin. The results show promising perspectives for the exploitation of this tropical fruit with a chemical composition comprising considerable phenolic acids and flavonoids compounds and showing activity antioxidant.