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Obesity, Oxidative Stress, and Their Effect on Serum Heme Oxygenase-1 Concentrations and Insulin in Children Aged 3 to 5 Years in a Pediatric Hospital of the Ministry of Health CDMX

Carmona-Montesinos, Enrique, Velazquez-Perez, Raul, Pichardo Aguirre, Edna, Rivas-Arancibia, Selva
Childhood obesity 2016 v.12 no.6 pp. 474-481
aerobiosis, blood serum, body mass index, childhood obesity, correlation, glutathione, heme oxygenase (biliverdin-producing), homeostasis, hospitals, insulin, insulin resistance, low density lipoprotein, models, oxidative stress, preschool children, reactive oxygen species
Background: Obesity during early stages of life may condition states of oxidative stress. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an enzyme involved in oxidative metabolism; it has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions and is related in sensitivity to insulin. However, a high concentration of this enzyme has been described to cause alterations such as insulin resistance. The objective of this work was to study the relationship between obesity, oxidative stress, HO-1, and insulin in children aged 3 to 5 years.Methods: To achieve our objective, we studied a control group of children (n = 50) and a group of obese children (n = 50) who underwent an anthropometric evaluation. Additionally, we quantified peroxidized lipids, oxidized low-density lipoproteins (Ox-LDLs), oxidized and reduced glutathione, HO-1, and insulin. We also calculated the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), HOMA-%B, and HOMA-%S indices. According to the data distribution, nonparametric and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient tests were conducted.Results: The results demonstrate that obese children show a statistically relevant increase in BMI/age, serum concentrations of peroxidized lipids, Ox-LDLs, oxidized glutathione, HO-1, and insulin (p < 0.005). In addition, there was an increase in the HOMA-IR and HOMA-%B (p < 0.0001) indices and a decrease of reduced glutathione, as well as a reduction in the HOMA-%S, compared with the children of the control group (p < 0.003).Conclusions: With the results obtained, we can conclude that obese preschool children show a chronic state of oxidative stress, an increase of HO-1, and an incipient state of insulin resistance. Finally, the increased reactive oxygen species could be one of the leading factors involved in insulin resistance and Ox-LDL increase from the preschool stage.