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Parasitic angiosperms as cultivated plants?
- Pignone, Domenico, Hammer, Karl
- Genetic resources and crop evolution 2016 v.63 no.7 pp. 1273-1284
- Cistanche, Olacaceae, Opiliaceae, Orobanche, Santalum, Viscum album, Ximeniaceae, fruit trees, medicinal plants, oils, parasitic plants, vegetables
- The knowledge about parasitic plants has increased in the latest years. Their importance as economic plants is generally considered low. Some of the species came into cultivation mainly as medicinal plants, fruit trees and some as vegetables. Only Olacaceae (1), Opiliaceae (1), Santalaceae (6), Viscaceae (1), Ximeniaceae (1) and Orobanchaceae (3) contain some cultivated species (number in brackets). Santalum spp. (root parasites) and Viscum album (stem parasite) are of greater importance for the production of sandalwood oil and an anti-cancer medicine, respectively. Their parasitic nature is well known to the growers. In other cases, the parasitic nature is not noted, especially in semiparasitic root species (Arjona, Anacolosa). New results are to be expected with holoparasitic root parasites (Cistanche, Orobanche).