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Effects of Launaea procumbens on brain antioxidant enzymes and cognitive performance of rat

Khan, Rahmat Ali
BMC complementary and alternative medicine 2012 v.12 no.1 pp. 219
Launaea, acetylcholinesterase, alternative medicine, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, behavior disorders, body weight, brain, catalase, cognition, dimethyl sulfoxide, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, lipid peroxidation, males, oxidative stress, rats, superoxide dismutase, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances
BACKGROUND: Launaea procumbens is used in the treatment of oxidative stress and mental disorders. The effects of Launaea procumbens methanolic extracts (LPMEs), i.e., 100 and 200 LPME mg/kg body weight (b.w.), on cognitive performance as well as on the activity of acetylcholinesterase, and antioxidant enzymes in rat brain tissue homogenates were evaluated. METHODS: Thirty male Sprague–Dawley rats were divided equally into three groups. Rats in group I (control) were given saline (vehicle), group II received LPME (100 mg/kg b.w., p.o.), and group III were treated with LPME (200 mg/kg b.w., p.o.) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) for 7 days. Antioxidant potential was assessed by measuring the activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSHpx), glutathione reductase (GSR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) as well as lipid peroxidation and glutathione (GSH) contents in brain tissue homogenates. Activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and cognitive performance were also assessed. RESULTS: LPME administration reduced the levels of lipid peroxidation products (TBARS contents), increased GSH levels and enhanced the activities of SOD, CAT, GSHpx, GSR and GST. AChE activity was reduced by LPME treatment compared with untreated controls. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested the significant impact of LPMEs on brain function. These effects could be through the antioxidant effects of the bioactive constituents present in LPME.