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A broad spectrum screening of Schmallenberg virus antibodies in wildlife animals in Germany
- Mouchantat, Susan, Wernike, Kerstin, Lutz, Walburga, Hoffmann, Bernd, Ulrich, Rainer G., Börner, Konstantin, Wittstatt, Ulrich, Beer, Martin
- Veterinary research 2015 v.46 no.1 pp. 99
- Schmallenberg virus, antibodies, biological resistance, blood sampling, carnivores, ruminants, screening, seroprevalence, small mammals, wild boars, wildlife, Germany
- To identify native wildlife species possibly susceptible to infection with Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a midge-transmitted orthobunyavirus that predominantly infects domestic ruminants, samples from various free-living ruminants, but also carnivores, small mammals and wild boar were analyzed serologically. Before 2011, no SBV-specific antibodies were detectable in any of the tested species, thereafter, a large proportion of the ruminant population became seropositive, while every sample taken from carnivores or small mammals tested negative. Surprisingly, SBV-specific-antibodies were also present in a large number of blood samples from wild boar during the 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 hunting seasons. Hence, free-ranging artiodactyls may play a role as wildlife host.