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Management of Large, Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) in Corn

Crow, Whitney D., Steckel, Lawrence E., Mueller, Thomas C., Hayes, Robert M.
Weed technology 2015 v.30 no.3 pp. 611-616
Amaranthus palmeri, Zea mays, atrazine, corn, developmental stages, dicamba, diflufenzopyr, environmental factors, glyphosate, grain yield, herbicide resistance, pesticide application, weeds, Tennessee
Palmer amaranth is a very problematic weed that has evolved resistance to several classes of herbicides, including 5-enolypyruvylshikimate-3-phosate synthase–inhibiting herbicides and photosystem II–inhibiting herbicides. In recent years, corn producers have had difficulty controlling large Palmer amaranth (> 20 cm) in corn > 30 cm whether it be due to environmental conditions or management failures. Palmer amaranth management in corn this tall is made even more challenging because atrazine is not labeled POST in corn > 30 cm tall. Therefore, a study was conducted in 2013 and 2014 in Jackson, TN, to evaluate herbicide programs in corn > 30 cm tall for the control of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth > 20 cm tall. Treatments consisted of herbicides applied alone and in mixtures with dicamba plus diflufenzopyr. Herbicides were applied POST to corn between the V5 and V6 growth stages. Dicamba plus diflufenzopyr 28 d after application controlled Palmer amaranth > 87%. The herbicides alone or in combinations applied as tank mixtures did not improve control (< 76%) over dicamba plus diflufenzopyr alone. There were no grain-yield differences among treatments because of Palmer amaranth control. This was likely due to the Palmer amaranth competition having already affected corn yield by the V5 to V6 corn growth stages.Nomenclature: Dicamba; diflufenzopyr; Palmer amaranth, Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats.; corn, Zea mays L.