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Antrodia gossypium, Phlebiopsis gigantea and Heterobasidion parviporum: in vitro growth and Norway spruce wood block decay

Żółciak, Anna, Sikora, Katarzyna, Nowakowska, Justyna Anna, Małecka, Monika, Borys, Małgorzata, Tereba, Anna, Sierota, Zbigniew
Biocontrol science and technology 2016 v.26 no.12 pp. 1706-1718
Antrodia, Gossypium, Heterobasidion, Phlebia gigantea, Picea abies, correlation, decayed wood, fungi, pathogens, saprotrophs, weight loss, wood density
Polymerase chain reaction-amplified and sequenced isolates of Antrodia gossypium, Phlebiopsis gigantea and Heterobasidion parviporum from decaying Norway spruce wood blocks after three and six months, which exhibited linear growth, were investigated. P. gigantea strains showed the fastest growth, whereas A. gossypium growth was five times slower. The differences between the mean daily increment of A. gossypium and the other examined isolates (except Hp2) were statistically significant. There were also significant differences in wood decay between densities over time. These results were confirmed by the decay acceleration index (DAI) and decay activity index, which were positively correlated with wood density regardless of the fungus species. The registered P. gigantea strains (Rotstop and PG Suspension) exhibited a strong decomposition ability (28% after six months); the weight loss caused by A. gossypium after six months of decay (15.2%) was similar to the results of P. gigantea (GB) after just three months (13.2%). All tested H. parviporum isolates showed rather rapid growth and equally strong wood decay (20–25%) compared to those of P. gigantea. DAI showed that A. gossypium may significantly contribute to wood decomposition over time, particularly in less dense wood samples. The use of both saprotrophs as biological agents against root pathogens is discussed.