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Screening, tandem expression and immune activity appraisal of Deinagkistrodon acutus (pit viper) venom mimotopes from a phage display 12-mer peptide library

Guo, Guoning, Cao, Yuliang, Zhu, Guoyan, Tian, Zhu, Gou, Yajun, Chen, Cong, Liu, Minghua
Biotechnology letters 2016 v.38 no.11 pp. 1867-1873
Western blotting, bacteriophages, clones, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, epitopes, immune response, immunization, immunoaffinity chromatography, immunoglobulin G, mice, peptide libraries, polyclonal antibodies, rabbits, recombinant antigens, screening, venoms
OBJECTIVE: To design a specific polyclonal antibody against Deinagkistrodon acutus venom (DA-pAb) by immunizating New Zealand white rabbits. RESULTS: The IgG fraction was purified by affinity chromatography, and specific antibodies were purified by immunoaffinity chromatography. Polyclonal antibodies were subjected to ELISA and western blotting to evaluate their immune reactivity. We identified the mimotopes by screening a phage display 12-mer peptide library against D. acutus venom. After three rounds of biopanning with DA-pAb, 30 positive clones were identified. Eighteen phage clones were sequenced, and their corresponding amino acid sequences were deduced. Additional immunoassays with the peptides and DA-pAb identified five sequences as possible epitopes. Recombinant antigens synthesized with the five epitopes were used for the immunization of BALB/c mice. CONCLUSION: The antibodies induced by these peptides recognized the recombinant antigen and D. acutus venom and protected mice against the hemorrhagic effects of the venom.