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Subtractive assembly for comparative metagenomics, and its application to type 2 diabetes metagenomes

Author:
Wang, Mingjie, Doak, ThomasG., Ye, Yuzhen
Source:
Genome biology 2015 v.16 no.1 pp. 243
ISSN:
1474-760X
Subject:
data collection, genes, intestinal microorganisms, metagenomics, microbial communities, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, phylogeny
Abstract:
Comparative metagenomics remains challenging due to the size and complexity of metagenomic datasets. Here we introduce subtractive assembly, a de novo assembly approach for comparative metagenomics that directly assembles only the differential reads that distinguish between two groups of metagenomes. Using simulated datasets, we show it improves both the efficiency of the assembly and the assembly quality of the differential genomes and genes. Further, its application to type 2 diabetes (T2D) metagenomic datasets reveals clear signatures of the T2D gut microbiome, revealing new phylogenetic and functional features of the gut microbial communities associated with T2D.
Agid:
5559761