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Effect of salinity on vegetative growth and sexual reproduction of algae from the genus Ardissonea de Notaris (Bacillariophyta)

Davidovich, O. I., Davidovich, N. A., Podunay, Yu. A., Shorenko, K. I., Witkowski, A.
Russian journal of plant physiology 2016 v.63 no.6 pp. 776-782
Ardissonea, Bacillariophyceae, algae, clones, coasts, desalination, developmental stages, sexual reproduction, vegetative growth, water salinity, Atlantic Ocean, Black Sea, Martinique
Effect of salinity on vegetative growth and sexual reproduction was investigated in laboratory cultures of a benthic diatom Ardissonea crystallina (C. Agardh) Grunow from the Black Sea and vegetative growth of Ardissonea sp. from the coast of Martinique, the Atlantic Ocean. Typical water salinity in the places where the populations inhabit differs two times. It was shown that the clones of both populations have a broad tolerance and great ability to adapt to changes in salinity. Cells of different size (i.e., in different stages of the life cycle) responded differently to desalination. Salinities optimal for vegetative growth of these species were not the same. Ardissonea from the coast of Martinique was more sensitive to low levels of salinity as compared with A. crystallina from the Black Sea. It was surprising that salinity optimal for vegetative growth and sexual reproduction of the Black Sea species did not coincide with the real salinity level of the Black Sea. Position of physiological optimums indicates an oceanic (or Mediterranean) origin of the Black Sea population of A. crystallina.