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Identification and characterization of a novel (+)-γ-lactamase from Microbacterium hydrocarbonoxydans

Gao, Shuaihua, Huang, Rong, Zhu, Shaozhou, Li, Hongxia, Zheng, Guojun
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2016 v.100 no.22 pp. 9543-9553
Bradyrhizobium japonicum, DNA libraries, Delftia acidovorans, Escherichia coli, Microbacterium, Pseudomonas putida, Sulfolobus solfataricus, antiviral agents, biocatalysts, cobalt, colorimetry, drugs, industrial applications, nickel, nucleosides, pH, screening
2-Azabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-en-3-one (γ-lactam) is an important precursor of many carbocyclic nucleoside analogs and pharmaceuticals. (−)-γ-Lactam has attracted much attention because of its role as an intermediate of antiviral drugs such as abacavir and carbovir. (+)-γ-Lactamase can be used for the kinetic resolution of γ-lactam to obtain (−)-γ-lactam. In this study, a novel (+)-γ-lactamase (Mh33H4-5540) was discovered from the gene library of Microbacterium hydrocarbonoxydans based on a colorimetric high-throughput screening method and it could be used to enantioselectively catalyze the bioresolution of racemic γ-lactam with high enantiomeric excess (ee) (>99 %) and yield (>49 %). An unexpected finding was that Mh33H4-5540 was unrelated to other known γ-lactamases (5.7, 4.8, 7.2, and 5.4 % similarities in amino sequence with (+)-γ-lactamase from Comamonas acidovorans, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Aeropyrum pernix, and Sulfolobus solfataricus, respectively) but rather related to isochorismatases. The homolog analysis of Mh33H4-5540 revealed that it was similar in structure with bacterial isochorismatases (an isochorismatase from Pseudomonas putida (PDB number 4H17) and a putative isochorismatase from Oleispira antarctica (PDB number 3LQY)). Thus, Mh33H4-5540 represented another type of (+)-γ-lactamase. Mh33H4-5540 was overexpressed in E. coli Rosetta (DE3), purified to homogeneity and functionally characterized. The enzyme displayed optimal activity at 25 °C and pH 8.0. The activity showed a 5.5-fold increase in the presence of 0.5 M Ni²⁺ or Co²⁺. Mh33H4-5540 displayed much higher (+)-γ-lactamase activity than any other biochemically characterized (+)-γ-lactamases. Overall, we discovered a novel (+)-γ-lactamase Mh33H4-5540 which displayed the highest activity. It could be a promising candidate of biocatalyst for industrial applications of highly valuable chiral pharmaceutical chemicals.