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Angiotensin Ⅱ induces the differentiation of mouse epicardial progenitor cells into vascular smooth muscle-like cells

Qin, Qin, Wang, Junhao, Yan, Yulin, Jing, Xiaodong, Du, Jianlin, Deng, Songbai, Wu, Ling, Liu, Yajie, She, Qiang
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2016 v.480 pp. 696-701
actin, angiotensin II, antagonists, carbachol, mice, muscles, myosin heavy chains, receptors, smooth muscle, stem cells
Epicardial progenitor cells (EpiCs) have a crucial role in cardiac development and vasculature formation. Here we detected the expression of Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors AT1 and AT2 on EpiCs and demonstrated that AngII could increase the expression of smooth muscle specific markers, including α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and myosin heavy chain 11 (Myh11) in EpiCs. Moreover, the expression of α-SMA and Myh11 induced by Ang II was blocked by pretreatment of EpiCs with the AT1 receptor antagonist losartan, but not the AT2 receptor antagonist PD123319. We further showed that the AngII-induced cells showed significant contractile responses to carbachol. These results implied that AngII could effectively induce EpiCs to differentiate into vascular smooth muscle-like cells through the AT1 receptor.