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Development and validation of a selective and effective pressurized liquid extraction followed by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the determination of fructosazine analogues in the ammonia treated extract of Eugenia jambolana Lamarck seeds A

Zhao, Minjie, Araújo, Michel Mozeika, Dal, Stéphanie, Sigrist, Séverine, Bergaentzlé, Martine, Ramanitrahasimbola, David, Andrianjara, Charles, Marchioni, Eric
Journal of chromatography 2016 v.1473 pp. 66-75
Syzygium cumini, ammonia, aqueous solutions, carbon, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, methanol, monitoring, seeds, solvents
This study describes a selective and effective pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) coupled with HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS method for the identification and quantification of three fructosazine analogues (FZAs), fructosazine, 2,6- and 2,5-deoxyfructosazine in Madeglucyl® (MG) which is an ammonia treated extract of Eugenia jambolana Lamarck seeds, and is the world’s first anti-diabetic phytodrug. FZAs were extracted from MG by PLE using methanol as extraction solvent. The PLE extract was then analyzed directly by HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS without cleanup step. Chromatographic separation of these highly related structures was achieved on a porous graphic carbon (PGC) column. The identification of the target FZAs was confirmed by the similar retention time, similar UV and MS spectra to the corresponding pure standards. The quantification was performed by using an electrospray positive ionization mass spectrometry in the selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. The PLE procedure was optimized and overall method was validated in terms of sensitivity, linearity, selectivity and matrix effect, precision, accuracy and recovery, and stability of the target FZAs in the aqueous solution and in the PLE extracts solution of MG. The developed method was proved to be selective, sensitive, precise, accurate for the quantification of FZAs in MG.