Main content area

An electrochemical aptasensor for multiplex antibiotics detection based on metal ions doped nanoscale MOFs as signal tracers and RecJf exonuclease-assisted targets recycling amplification

Chen, Meng, Gan, Ning, Zhou, You, Li, Tianhua, Xu, Qing, Cao, Yuting, Chen, Yinji
Talanta 2016 v.161 pp. 867-874
DNA, antibodies, cadmium, detection limit, dissociation, electrochemistry, food analysis, kanamycin, lead, magnetic separation, metal ions, oligonucleotides, oxytetracycline, porosity, recycling, tracer techniques
An ultrasensitive electrochemical aptasensor for simultaneous detection of oxytetracycline (OTC) and kanamycin (KAN) has been developed based on metal ions doped metal organic frame materials (MOFs) as signal tracers and RecJf exonuclease-catalyzed targets recycling amplification. The aptasensor consists of capture beads (the anti-single-stranded DNA Antibody, as anti-ssDNA Ab, labeled on Dynabeads) and nanoscale MOF (NMOF) based signal tracers (simplified as Apts-MNM, the NMOF labeled with metal ions and the aptamers). Particularly, the MOF (UiO-66-NH2), with large internal surface areas, ultrahigh porosity and abundant amine groups in the pores, was employed as substrates to carry plenty of metal ions (Pb2+ or Cd2+) and label aptamers of OTC or KAN. Thus, the aptasensor is formed by the specific recognition between anti-ssDNA Ab and aptamers. In the presence of targets (OTC and KAN), aptamers prefer to form targets-Apts-MNM complexes in lieu of anti-ssDNA Ab-aptamer complexes, which results in the dissociation of Apts-MNM from capture beads. With the employment of RecJf exonuclease, targets-Apts-MNM in supernatant was digested into mononucleotides and liberated the target, which can further participate in the next reaction cycling to produce more signal tracers. After magnetic separation, the enhanced square wave voltammetry (SWV) signals were produced from signal tracers. The aptasensor exhibited a linear correlation in the range from 0.5pM to 50nM, with detection limits of 0.18pM and 0.15pM (S/N=3) toward OTC and KAN respectively. This strategy provides specificity and sensitive approach for multiplex antibiotics detection and has promising applications in food analysis.