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The role of Fe(III) on phosphate released during the photo-decomposition of organic phosphorus in deionized and natural waters

Jiang, Yongcan, Kang, Naixin, Zhou, Yiyong, Liu, Guanglong, Zhu, Duanwei
Chemosphere 2016 v.164 pp. 208-214
aquatic environment, coumarin, glyphosate, hydroxyl radicals, iron, irradiation, isopropyl alcohol, models, phosphates, phosphorus, photoluminescence, solar radiation
The photo-decomposition of organic phosphorus is an important route for the phosphorus cycle by which phosphate is regenerated in the aquatic environment. In this study, the role of Fe3+ as a natural photosensitizer toward the decomposition of organic phosphorus to release phosphate was examined in deionized and natural waters under UV and sunlight irradiation using glyphosate as the organic phosphorus model. The results showed that the concentration of glyphosate decreased with irradiation time in the Fe3+/UV and Fe3+/sunlight systems and TOC gradually decreased, which confirmed that glyphosate was degraded by Fe3+. The amount of phosphate released from the photo-decomposition of glyphosate was higher in the presence of Fe3+ than that of the control experiment under UV and sunlight irradiation conditions, and the generation rate of phosphate also increased with increasing Fe3+concentrations. The formation of hydroxyl radicals (·OH) in the Fe3+/UV and Fe3+/sunlight systems was identified according to the photoluminescence spectra (PL) using coumarin as the trapping molecule, and the steady-state concentrations of ·OH for the Fe3+/UV and Fe3+/sunlight systems were 1.06 × 10−14 M and 0.09 × 10−14 M, respectively. When natural water was spiked with glyphosate and Fe3+, the phosphate that was released in the Fe3+ was higher than that of the control, and the phosphate that was released was inhibited when isopropanol was added to the reaction. All of these results demonstrate that the photochemical activity of Fe3+ has significantly impact in the release of phosphate from the photo-decomposition of organic phosphorus.