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Biotic ligand model explains the effects of competition but not complexation for Sm biouptake by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Tan, Qiao-Guo, Yang, Guang, Wilkinson, Kevin J.
Chemosphere 2017 v.168 pp. 426-434
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, calcium, cations, citric acid, enzyme kinetics, europium, freshwater, ligands, magnesium, malic acid, models
The applicability of the biotic ligand model (BLM) was tested with respect to the biouptake of the lanthanide Sm by the freshwater green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. In the absence of organic ligands, Sm uptake was well described by the Michaelis-Menten equation, consistent with the BLM assumption of single transporter, with the maximum influx rate (Jmax) of 1.5 × 10−14 mol cm−2 s−1 and a binding constant (KSm) of 107.0 M−1. The addition of organic ligands (i.e., malic acid, diglycolic acid and citric acid) decreased Sm influx rates, however, the decreases were much less than that predicted by the BLM, possibly due to the direct contribution of the Sm complexes. Competition effects of two major cations (Ca2+ and Mg2+) and three lanthanide cations (La3+, Ce3+ and Eu3+) were successfully modeled by the BLM, with binding constants corresponding to KCa = 104.0 M−1, KMg = 102.7 M−1, KLa = 106.8 M−1, KCe = 106.9 M−1 and KEu = 107.0 M−1. The binding constants and Jmax were very similar among the four investigated lanthanides and varied progressively with atomic number; therefore, the results obtained in the present study can probably be extrapolated to other rare earth metals.