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Concentric Ring Method for generating pollen maps. Quercus as case study

Oteros, Jose, Valencia, Rosa Mª, del Río, Sara, Vega, Ana Mª, García-Mozo, Herminia, Galán, Carmen, Gutiérrez, Pablo, Mandrioli, Paolo, Fernández-González, Delia
The Science of the total environment 2017 v.576 pp. 637-645
Castilla, Quercus pyrenaica, case studies, environmental impact, forestry, forests, land use, landscapes, models, monitoring, pollen, prediction, shrublands, spore traps, Spain
Mapping pollen concentrations is of great interest to study the health impact and ecological implications or for forestry or agronomical purposes. A deep knowledge about factors affecting airborne pollen is essential for predicting and understanding its dynamics. The present work sought to predict annual Quercus pollen over the Castilla and León region (Central and Northern Spain). Also to understand the relationship between airborne pollen and landscape. Records of Quercus and Quercus pyrenaica pollen types were collected at 13 monitoring sites over a period of 8years. They were analyzed together with land use data applying the Concentric Ring Method (CRM), a technique that we developed to study the relationship between airborne particle concentrations and emission sources in the region.The maximum correlation between the Quercus pollen and forms of vegetation was determined by shrubland and “dehesa” areas. For the specific Qi pyrenaica model (Q. pyrenaica pollen and Q. pyrenaica forest distribution), the maximum influence of emission sources on airborne pollen was observed at 14km from the pollen trap location with some positive correlations up to a distance of 43km. Apart from meteorological behavior, the local features of the region can explain pollen dispersion patterns. The method that we develop here proved to be a powerful tool for multi-source pollen mapping based on land use.