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Biodegradable soy protein films with controllable water solubility and enhanced mechanical properties via graft polymerization

Zhao, Yi, Xu, Helan, Mu, Bingnan, Xu, Lan, Yang, Yiqi
Polymer Degradation and Stability 2016 v.133 pp. 75-84
abrasion resistance, acrylic acid, adhesion, alcohols, biodegradability, packaging films, polymerization, polyvinyl alcohol, soy protein, tensile strength, transmittance, water solubility, yarns
Graft polymerization of acrylic acid endowed soy protein films with good tensile properties and water solubility without sacrificing biodegradability. In this research, soy protein was grafted with acrylic acid and cast into biodegradable films as substitutes of non-biodegradable Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) films. The grafted soy protein films had 318%, 114%, 60% and 9% higher tensile strength, elongation, dissolving rate and transmittance, compared to ungrafted ones, respectively. Acrylic acid grafting provided soy protein films with biodegradability, flexibility, and adhesion to yarns substantially higher than PVA, while water solubility and abrasion resistance similar to PVA, leading to high potential applications of the grafted soy proteins in the fields of water soluble packaging films and slashing to substitute PVA.