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Effect of spray drying on the properties of amylose-hexadecylammonium chloride inclusion complexes

William T. Hay, Robert W. Behle, George F. Fanta, Frederick C. Felker, Steven C. Peterson, Gordon W. Selling
Carbohydrate polymers 2017 v.157 pp. 1050-1056
X-ray diffraction, ammonium chloride, amylose, corn starch, filtration, freeze drying, papermaking, particle size, rheological properties, spray drying, steam, temperature, viability, water content
Water soluble amylose-hexadecyl ammonium chloride complexes were prepared from high amylose corn starch and hexadecyl ammonium chloride by excess steam jet cooking. Amylose inclusion complexes were spray dried to determine the viability of spray drying as a production method. The variables tested in the spray drying process were the% solids of the amylose-hexadecyl ammonium chloride complex being fed into the spray dryer, feed rate and the spray dryer outlet temperature. The amylose-inclusion complexes remained intact in all spray drying conditions tested as determined by X-ray diffraction. The rheological properties of solutions of the spray dried amylose-complexes remained unchanged when compared with the freeze dried control. Particle density and moisture content decreased with increased outlet temperature while particle size increased. X-ray diffraction and DSC analysis confirmed the formation of type II amylose inclusion complexes. Spray drying is a high throughput, low cost continuous commercial production method, which when coupled with excess steam jet cooking allows for the industrial scale production of cationic amylose-hexadecyl ammonium chloride complexes which may have value as flocculating and filtration enhancing agents and other aspects of paper production.