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Tropical trees: Are they good alternatives for biomonitoring the atmospheric level of potential toxic elements near to the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest?

Nakazato, Ricardo K., Rinaldi, Mirian C.S., Domingos, Marisa
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2016 v.134 pp. 72-79
Psidium guajava, Tibouchina, air, aluminum, barium, cobalt, field experimentation, iron, lanthanum, lead, leaves, manganese, mercury, nickel, rain forests, temporal variation, toxic substances, trees, Brazil
The foliar accumulation and enrichment factor for 36 elements were studied in Psidium guajava 'Paluma' (fruit tropical tree) and Tibouchina pulchra Cogn. (native tree of the Atlantic rainforest) plants exposed around the city of Cubatão/Brazil, to propose a biomonitoring species in the Atlantic rainforest. The field experiments were conducted in six sites from November/2009 to April/2011. Parallel exposures of plants to filtered air in open-top chambers were performed to determine the background leaf concentrations of all elements. Both plants were enriched with elements (Ni, La, Fe, Ba, Al, Co, Pb, Hg and Mn) that characterize the industrial area of Cubatão, Brazil. P. guajava is a better option for biomonitoring toxic elements in Cubatão, since it was able to enrich higher metal levels than T. pulchra. Furthermore, P. guajava showed a better spatial and temporal variations in metal levels Cubatão.