Main content area

Direct typing of Canine parvovirus (CPV) from infected dog faeces by rapid mini sequencing technique

V., Pavana Jyothi, S., Akila, Selvan, Malini K., Naidu, Hariprasad, Raghunathan, Shwethaa, Kota, Sathish, Sundaram, R.C. Raja, Rana, Samir Kumar, Raj, G. Dhinakar, Srinivasan, V.A., Mohana Subramanian, B.
Journal of virological methods 2016 v.238 pp. 66-69
Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, capsid, cell culture, dog diseases, dogs, enteritis, feces, polymerase chain reaction, rapid methods, sequence analysis, viruses, India
Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a non-enveloped single stranded DNA virus with an icosahedral capsid. Mini-sequencing based CPV typing was developed earlier to detect and differentiate all the CPV types and FPV in a single reaction. This technique was further evaluated in the present study by performing the mini-sequencing directly from fecal samples which avoided tedious virus isolation steps by cell culture system. Fecal swab samples were collected from 84 dogs with enteritis symptoms, suggestive of parvoviral infection from different locations across India. Seventy six of these samples were positive by PCR; the subsequent mini-sequencing reaction typed 74 of them as type 2a virus, and 2 samples as type 2b. Additionally, 25 of the positive samples were typed by cycle sequencing of PCR products. Direct CPV typing from fecal samples using mini-sequencing showed 100% correlation with CPV typing by cycle sequencing. Moreover, CPV typing was achieved by mini-sequencing even with faintly positive PCR amplicons which was not possible by cycle sequencing. Therefore, the mini-sequencing technique is recommended for regular epidemiological follow up of CPV types, since the technique is rapid, highly sensitive and high capacity method for CPV typing.