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Melatonin treatment attenuates postharvest decay and maintains nutritional quality of strawberry fruits (Fragaria×anannasa cv. Selva) by enhancing GABA shunt activity

Aghdam, Morteza Soleimani, Fard, Javad Rezapour
Food chemistry 2017 v.221 pp. 1650-1657
Fragaria, adenosine triphosphate, anthocyanins, ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, enzyme activity, fatty acids, fruits, fungi, gamma-aminobutyric acid, hydrogen peroxide, melatonin, nutritive value, phenols, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, postharvest diseases, shelf life, strawberries, superoxide dismutase
Fresh strawberry fruits as perishable commodities have a short postharvest life and are prone to postharvest fungal decay. In this study, the impact of 0, 1, 10, 100 and 1000μmol/L melatonin on attenuating fungal decay and maintaining nutritional quality of strawberry fruits was investigated during storage at 4°C for 12days. Melatonin treatment at 100μmol/L triggered H2O2 accumulation, which result from higher superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, associated with lower catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activities, leading to fruits with lower decay. Higher H2O2 accumulation was concurrent with higher phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) enzyme activity leading to higher total phenols and anthocyanins accumulation along with higher DPPH scavenging capacity. Also, strawberry fruits treated with melatonin exhibited higher γ-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T) enzyme activity which ensured sufficient ATP supplying leading to higher unsaturated/saturated fatty acids (unSFA/SFA) ratio.