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Characterization and comparative profiling of the small RNA transcriptomes in the Hemipteran insect Nilaparvata lugens

Zha, Wenjun, Zhou, Lei, Li, Sanhe, Liu, Kai, Yang, Guocai, Chen, Zhijun, Liu, Kai, Xu, Huashan, Li, Peide, Hussain, Saddam, You, Aiqing
Gene 2016 v.595 no.1 pp. 83-91
Nilaparvata lugens, RNA libraries, gene expression regulation, genes, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, insect pests, messenger RNA, metabolism, microRNA, prediction, rice, transcriptome, virulence
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small RNAs involved in various biological processes through negative regulation of mRNAs at the post-transcriptional level.The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål), is one of the most serious and destructive insect pests of rice. In the present study, two small RNA libraries of virulent N. lugens populations (Biotype I survives on susceptive rice variety TN1 and Biotype Y survives on moderately resistant rice variety YHY15) were constructed and sequenced using the high-throughput sequencing technology in order to identify the relationship between miRNAs of N.lugens and adaptation of BPH pests to rice resistance. In total 15,758,632 and 11,442,592 reads, corresponding to 3,144,026 and 2,550,049 unique sequences, were obtained in the two libraries (BPH-TN1 and BPH-YHY15 libraries), respectively. A total of 41 potential novel miRNAs were predicted in the two libraries, and 26 miRNAs showed significantly differential expression between two libraries. All miRNAs were significantly up-regulated in the BPH-TN1 library.Target genes likely regulated by these differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted using computational prediction. The functional annotation of target genes performed by Gene Ontology enrichment (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis (KEGG) indicated that a majority of differential miRNAs were involved in “Metabolism” pathway. These results provided an understanding of the role of miRNAs in BPH to adaptability of BPH on rice resistance, and will be useful in developing new control strategies for host defense against BPH.