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Multilocus sequence type profiles of Bacillus cereus isolates from infant formula in China

Yang, Yong, Yu, Xiaofeng, Zhan, Li, Chen, Jiancai, Zhang, Yunyi, Zhang, Junyan, Chen, Honghu, Zhang, Zheng, Zhang, Yanjun, Lu, Yiyu, Mei, Lingling
Food microbiology 2017 v.62 pp. 46-50
Bacillus cereus, alleles, databases, food pathogens, goat milk, infant formulas, multilocus sequence typing, China
Bacillus cereus sensu stricto is an opportunistic foodborne pathogen. The multilocus sequence type (MLST) of 74 B. cereus isolated from 513 non-random infant formula in China was analyzed. Of 64 sequence types (STs) detected, 50 STs and 6 alleles were newly found in PubMLST database. All isolates except for one singleton (ST-1049), were classified into 7 clonal complexes (CC) by BURST (n-4), in which CC1 with core ancestral clone ST-26 was the largest group including 86% isolates, and CC2, 3, 9, 10 and 13 were first reported in China. MLST profiles of the isolates from 8 infant formula brands were compared. It was found the brands might be potentially tracked by the variety of STs, such as ST-1049 of singleton and ST-1062 of isolate from goat milk source, though they could not be easily tracked just by clonal complex types of the isolates.