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Investigation on prevalence of Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes in animal-derived foods by multiplex PCR assay targeting novel genes

Tao, Tingting, Chen, Qiming, Bie, Xiaomei, Lu, Fengxia, Lu, Zhaoxin
Food control 2017 v.73 pp. 704-711
DNA, DNA fragmentation, Listeria grayi, Listeria innocua, Listeria ivanovii, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria seeligeri, Listeria welshimeri, detection limit, food industry, food pathogens, freshwater fish, genes, genetic markers, genomics, meat, microbial culture, polymerase chain reaction, poultry, shellfish, supermarkets, China
Chilled and frozen animal-derived food can be contaminated by Listeria spp., emerging foodborne pathogens in food industry. The objective of this study was to mine novel target genes by comparative genomics approach for multiplex PCR detection and differentiation of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria spp. in food. Multiplex PCR assay targeting the genetic markers LMOf2365_2721, AX25_00730, lin1814, int, lwe1673, and Oxidoreductase gene, resulted in the amplification of DNA fragments of 583 bp, 703 bp, 421 bp, 994 bp, 345 bp, and 201 bp from L. monocytogenes, Listeria ivanovii, Listeria innocua, Listeria seeligeri, Listeria welshimeri, and Listeria grayi, respectively. The detection limits of the multiplex assays were as low as 89 fg/μL genomic DNA and 910 CFU/mL of bacterial culture. The prevalence of Listeria spp. was determined using the developed multiplex PCR assay and standard microbiological method in a total of 200 food samples collected from different supermarkets and traditional agri-product markets in Nanjing, China. A total of 28 samples were found to be positive for the presence of Listeria, including 10.9% (6/55) of livestock meat samples, 22% (11/50) of poultry samples, 15% (6/40) of shellfish samples, 13.3% (4/30) of octopus samples and 4% (1/25) of freshwater fish samples. Of these, 13 isolates were classified as L. monocytogenes, 11 were classified as L. innocua, 2 were classified as L. ivanovii and 3 were classified as L. welshimeri. These results demonstrate that the multiplex PCR assay based on novel target genes is able to rapidly detect the Listeria spp. in 12 h with high accuracy and sensitivity, which may be used in the future for detection of Listeria spp. in animal-derived food products.