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Realising sustainable consumption and production in companies: the SUstainable and RESponsible COMpany (SURESCOM) model
- Jonkutė, Gintė, Staniškis, Jurgis K.
- Journal of cleaner production 2016 v.138 pp. 170-180
- European Union, algorithms, business enterprises, consumers (people), engineering, manufacturing, models, nongovernmental organizations, science education, stakeholders, sustainable development
- The promotion of sustainable consumption and production (SCP) as the most important goal and the main challenge to continuously improve the well-being of present and future generations was stated in the European Union (EU) Sustainable Development Strategy, renewed in 2006. Theorists and practitioners highlight the importance of business for progress in SCP. However, the problems in many sustainable development (SD) areas are too complex for companies to deal with alone. Efficient progress in SCP can be only achieved by a systematic struggle of producers and consumers, incorporating members from other interested groups, such as governments, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), education and science institutions, the media, etc. Although there are many attempts to propose sustainable business models for the purpose of implementing SCP in companies, a detailed model that integrates environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainability, offers practical solutions, incorporates well-known engineering, management and communication tools and measures, controls characteristics of industrial processes, products and services as well as engages various stakeholders together with consumers/customers as active partners within the general SCP system is still missing. The SURESCOM (SUstainable and RESponsible COMpany) model presented in this paper is based on a classical closed loop cycle scheme for the management system and integrates a set of well-known and wide-accepted measures and tools that can be applied to the 3 main areas of company's activities, namely manufacturing processes or company's activities, products/services and cooperation with stakeholders. Some preliminary results of the implementation of this theoretical model are also introduced. The proposed algorithm for the model application offers methodical suggestions to assess current sustainability conditions of the company on the basis of sub-indices of the composite index ISCP for sustainability evaluation and, according to them, can help to select and introduce the most suitable SD tools for a particular enterprise to achieve its environmental and social performance goals.