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Potential use of waste paper for the synthesis of cyanoethyl cellulose: A cleaner production approach towards sustainable environment management
- Joshi, Gyanesh, Naithani, Sanjay, Varshney, V.K., Bisht, Surendra S., Rana, Vikas
- Journal of cleaner production 2017 v.142 pp. 3759-3768
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, alkalinization, cellulose, cellulosic materials, chemical treatment, crystal structure, glucose, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, polymerization, recycled materials, recycling, scanning electron microscopy, sodium hydroxide, solubility, temperature, waste paper
- Recycling of waste paper was investigated with the aim of boosting the use of recycled materials and reducing the impact of waste paper on environment. Commercially important cyanoethyl cellulose product from waste paper was synthesized successfully through a cycle of chemical treatments. Waste paper was functionalized to cyanoethyl cellulose in an alkaline heterogeneous reaction environment with acrylonitrile under different reaction conditions with respect to degree of substitution. The variables studied were: Sodium Hydroxide and acrylonitrile concentration, reaction time and temperature for alkalization and cyanoethylation. All the cyanoethyl cellulose products were assessed for solubility, degree of polymerization and degree of crystallinity. The optimum conditions for cyanoethyl cellulose synthesis comprised of 8.34 M/anhydro glucose unit aqueous sodium hydroxide concentration, 30 °C alkalization temperature, 60 min alkalization time, 70 M/anhydro glucose unit acrylonitrile concentration, 60 min reaction time for cyanoethylation and 50 °C cyanoethylation reaction temperature. The optimized cyanoethyl cellulose product was characterized with fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. This investigation helped to find the proper cleaner production approach towards sustainable environment management by synthesizing valuable cyanoethyl cellulose product and demonstrated that waste paper have the capacity to produce upgraded and high quality cyanoethyl cellulose for variety of applications.