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Excellent N-fixing and P-solubilizing traits in earthworm gut-isolated bacteria: A vermicompost based assessment with vegetable market waste and rice straw feed mixtures

Hussain, Nazneen, Singh, Archana, Saha, Sougata, Venkata Satish Kumar, Mattaparthi, Bhattacharyya, Pradip, Bhattacharya, Satya Sundar
Bioresource technology 2016 v.222 pp. 165-174
Eisenia fetida, Kluyvera ascorbata, Perionyx excavatus, Serratia, bacteria, biofertilizers, cattle manure, earthworms, intestines, markets, pH, population growth, recycling, rice straw, soil quality, vegetables, vermicomposting, vermicomposts
Vermicomposting is a dependable waste recycling technology which greatly augments N and P levels mainly through microbial action. This paper aims to identify efficient N-fixing (NFB) and P-solubilizing (PSB) bacteria from earthworm intestines. Various combinations of vegetable market waste, rice straw, and cowdung were fed to two earthworm species (Eisenia fetida and Perionyx excavatus). Total organic C decreased, pH shifted towards neutrality, and NPK availability, and microbial (NFB, PSB, and total bacteria) population increased remarkably during vermicomposting with E. fetida. Therefore, 45 NFB and 34 PSB strains isolated from Eisenia gut were initially screened, their inter-dominance assessed, and 8 prolific strains were identified through 16SrRNA sequencing. Interestingly, two novel N-fixing strains of Kluyvera ascorbata emerged as an efficient biofertilizer candidate. Moreover, both N-fixing and P-solubilizing strains of Serratia and Bacillus were isolated from earthworm gut. All the isolated strains significantly improved soil health and facilitated crop growth as compared to commercial biofertilizers.