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Differences in the impacts of nighttime warming on crop growth of rice-based cropping systems under field conditions
- Chen, Jin, Chen, Changing, Tian, Yunlu, Zhang, Xin, Dong, Wenjun, Zhang, Bin, Zhang, Jun, Zheng, Chengyan, Deng, Aixing, Song, Zhenwei, Peng, Chunrui, Zhang, Weijian
- European journal of agronomy 2017 v.82 pp. 80-92
- air temperature, cropping systems, field experimentation, global warming, grain yield, rice, wheat, China
- Great attentions have been taken to the effects of climatic warming on crop production, however, fewer were known about the actual impacts of nighttime warming under different cropping systems. Therefore, a three-year field experiment with a passive nighttime warming (PNW) facility and a one-year field experiment with free air temperature increase (FATI) facility were conducted in major Chinese rice cropping systems. Four-year field observations from different rice cropping systems all showed that nighttime warming less than 1.0°C could shorten the length of crop pre-flowering phase period while prolonged the length of post-flowering phase period, resulting in insignificant reduction in the length of crop entire growth period. The temperature increase caused significant increments in grain yields by 16.2, 12.7 and 12.0% for late rice in the rice–rice cropping system, wheat in the rice-wheat cropping system and rice in the single rice cropping system, respectively. However, this warming declined grain yields significantly by 4.5 and 6.5% for early rice in the rice–rice cropping system and rice in the rice-wheat cropping system, respectively. Since warming-induced yield reduction was less than warming-induced increment in each cropping system, the annual yields was higher in the warmed plots than the non-warmed under all systems. Our findings can provide important references to cropping system adjustment for coping with global warming in China and other regions.