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Assessment of parental genomic proportions in crossbred chickens by DNA fingerprints

Wimmers, K., Ponsuksili, S., Valle-Zarate, A., Horst, P., Wittig, B.
Journal of animal breeding and genetics 1997 v.114 no.1-6 pp. 55-68
DNA, DNA fingerprinting, chickens, crossbreds, crossing, enzymes, oligonucleotide probes, purebreds
SUMMARY: Starting with the second crossbred generation, parental genomic-proportion lines in individuals deviate considerably from expectation. These individual variations offer the potential to increase the efficiency of crossbreeding programmes. DNA fingerprinting was established as an approach, to quantify the genomic contribution of the parental lines in individuals of two crossbred generations. For this purpose, line-specific bands were identified in representative banding patterns of pooled DNA from purebreds. The representative banding patterns obtained with eight combinations of restriction enzymes HinfI and AluI, and oligonucleotide probes [CA]8, [CAC]5, [GGAT]4, and [GACA]4, contained between nine and 14 line-specific bands. The estimation of the proportion was based on the relative proportion of line-specific bands of one parental line in banding patterns of crossbreds. This was first done in F1 individuals with a definite 50% genomic proportion of each parental line, to determine the accuracy of the approach. The mean value, 51.0 ± 0.34%, observed in 45 F1s using all eight combinations of enzymes and probes, of genomic contribution of one parental line, was close to the theoretical value of 50%. In 24 animals of the BC1, considerable shifting of the parental genomic proportion was observed.