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Genetic Control of Lateral Root Formation in Cereals
- Yu, Peng, Gutjahr, Caroline, Li, Chunjian, Hochholdinger, Frank
- Trends in plant science 2016 v.21 no.11 pp. 951-961
- Liliopsida, grains, mycorrhizal fungi, nutrient availability, nutrients, root systems, roots, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae, water uptake
- Cereals form complex root systems composed of different root types. Lateral root formation is a major determinant of root architecture and is instrumental for the efficient uptake of water and nutrients. Positioning and patterning of lateral roots and cell types involved in their formation are unique in monocot cereals. Recent discoveries advanced the molecular understanding of the intrinsic genetic control of initiation and elongation of lateral roots in cereals by distinct, in part root-type-speciﬁc genetic programs. Moreover, molecular networks modulating the plasticity of lateral root formation in response to water and nutrient availability and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal colonization have been identified. These novel discoveries provide a better mechanistic understanding of postembryonic lateral root development in cereals.