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Effects of pyriproxyfen and buprofezin on immature development and reproduction in the stable fly
- Liu, S. S., Li, A. Y., Lohmeyer, K. H., Perez de Leon, A. A.
- Medical and veterinary entomology 2012 v.26 no.4 pp. 379
- Stomoxys calcitrans, buprofezin, cattle, developmental stages, eggs, feeding behavior, females, hatching, hematophagous insects, integrated pest management, lethal concentration 50, oviposition, pyriproxyfen
- The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), is one of the most significant biting flies that affect cattle. The use of traditional insecticides for stable fly control has only a limited success owing to the insect's unique feeding behaviours and immature development sites. A laboratory study was conducted to evaluate the effects of two insect growth regulator (IGR) products, pyriproxyfen and buprofezin, on the development of the immature stages of the stable fly and the effects of pyriproxyfen on oviposition and egg hatch. Both pyriproxyfen and buprofezin had significant inhibitory effects on immature development. The LC50s of pyriproxyfen and buprofezin were 0.002 and 18.92 p.p.m., respectively. Topical treatment of adult females with different doses of pyriproxyfen had significant negative effects on both female oviposition and egg hatching when 1- and 3-day-old females were treated, and the effects were dose dependent. A significant reduction in the mean number of eggs laid was observed only at the highest pyriproxyfen dose (8 µg/fly) and egg hatch was unaffected by pyriproxyfen treatment when 5-day-old females were treated. Results from the present study indicate that pyriproxyfen has the potential to be used as part of an integrated stable fly management programme.