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Effects of Climate and Climate Change on Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases: Ticks Are Different
- Ogden, Nick H., Lindsay, L. Robbin
- Trends in parasitology 2016 v.32 no.8 pp. 646-656
- biodiversity, climate, climate change, disease vectors, humans, insects, mosquito-borne diseases, multivoltine habit, pathogens, risk, ticks, weather
- There has been considerable debate as to whether global risk from vector-borne diseases will be impacted by climate change. This has focussed on important mosquito-borne diseases that are transmitted by the vectors from infected to uninfected humans. However, this debate has mostly ignored the biological diversity of vectors and vector-borne diseases. Here, we review how climate and climate change may impact those most divergent of arthropod disease vector groups: multivoltine insects and hard-bodied (ixodid) ticks. We contrast features of the life cycles and behaviour of these arthropods, and how weather, climate, and climate change may have very different impacts on the spatiotemporal occurrence and abundance of vectors, and the pathogens they transmit.