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Infectivity of housefly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) to different entomopathogenic fungi
- Farooq, Muzammil, Freed, Shoaib
- Brazilian journal of microbiology 2016 v.47 no.4 pp. 807-816
- Beauveria bassiana, Isaria fumosorosea, Metarhizium anisopliae, Musca domestica, adults, animals, baits, bioassays, egg production, entomopathogenic fungi, fecundity, females, insect pests, larvae, lethal concentration 50, longevity, mortality, people, virulence
- The housefly Musca domestica is a worldwide insect pest that acts as a vector for many pathogenic diseases in both people and animals. The present study was conducted to evaluate the virulence of different local isolates of Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae and Isaria fumosorosea on M. domestica using two bioassay techniques: (1) adult immersion and (2) a bait method applied to both larvae and adults. The results showed evidence of a broad range of responses by both stages (larvae and adults) to the tested isolates of B. bassiana, M. anisopliae and I. fumosorosea. These responses were concentration-dependent, with mortality percentages ranging from 53.00% to 96.00%. Because it resulted in lower LC50 values and a shorter lethal time, B. bassiana (Bb-01) proved to be the most virulent isolate against both housefly larvae and adults. Sublethal doses of the tested isolates were also assessed to evaluate their effect on M. domestica fecundity and longevity. The fungal infections reduced housefly survival regardless of their sex and also decreased egg production in females.