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Coprophilous Mucorales (ex Zygomycota) from three areas in the semi-arid of Pernambuco, Brazil

Author:
Souza, Carlos Alberto Fragoso de, Lima, Diogo Xavier, Gurgel, Luciana M.S., Santiago, André Luiz Cabral Monteiro de Azevedo
Source:
Brazilian journal of microbiology 2017 v.48 no.1 pp. 79-86
ISSN:
1517-8382
Subject:
Absidia, Circinella, Cunninghamella, Mucor circinelloides, Pilobolus, Rhizopus, Syncephalastrum, breeds, caatinga, cattle, cities, feces, fungi, herbivores, new species, saprophytes, semiarid zones, sheep, soil, species diversity, taxonomic keys, Brazil
Abstract:
Mucorales comprises fungi commonly isolated as saprobes from soil, dung, stored grains and plants. Although these fungi have been studied in several countries, there are relatively a few reports of them in semi-arid areas. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to assess and compare the Mucorales communities in dung from different species and breeds of herbivores in the semi-arid of Pernambuco, based on the frequency of occurrence and species richness of these fungi. Samples of dung collected in the cities of Arcoverde, Serra Talhada and Sertânia were incubated in moist chambers in triplicate. Altogether, 24 taxa of Mucorales distributed in the genera Absidia, Circinella, Cunninghamella, Lichtheimia, Mucor, Pilobolus, Rhizopus and Syncephalastrum were identified. The highest species richness was found in sheep excrement. Mucor circinelloides f. griseo-cyanus was the most common taxon, followed by M. ramosissimus. The similarity of the composition of Mucorales species was greatest between the excrements of Guzerá and Sindi breeds (bovine). All mucoralean species isolated are being cited for the first time from animal dung found in Caatinga and a new species of Mucor was recorded. An identification key for species of Mucorales from dung in the semi-arid region of Brazil is provided.
Agid:
5575873