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Genetic variation and population structure of the mushroom Pleurotus ferulae in China inferred from nuclear DNA analysis

ZHAO, Meng-ran, HUANG, Chen-yang, WU, Xiang-li, CHEN, Qiang, QU, Ji-bin, LI, Yan-chun, GAO, Wei, ZHANG, Jin-xia
Journal of integrative agriculture 2016 v.15 no.10 pp. 2237-2246
DNA fragmentation, DNA-directed RNA polymerase, Pleurotus eryngii, genetic variation, mushrooms, nuclear genome, phylogeny, population structure, provenance, translation (genetics), variance, China, Italy
To investigate the genetic diversity of an edible fungus Pleurotus ferulae, a total of 89 wild samples collected from six geographical locations in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China and two geographical locations in Italy, were analyzed using three DNA fragments including the translation elongation factor (EF1α), the second largest subunit of the RNA polymerase II (RPB2) and the largest subunit of the RNA polymerase II (RPB1). The results indicated relatively abundant genetic variability in the wild resources of P. ferulae. The analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed that the vast majority of the genetic variation was found within geographical populations. Both the Chinese populations and the Italian populations of P. ferulae displayed a limited genetic differentiation. The degree of differentiation between the Chinese populations and the Italian populations was obviously higher than that between the populations from the same region, and moreover the genetic differentiation among all the tested populations was correlated to the geographical distance. The phylogeny analyses confirmed that samples from China and Italy belonged to another genetic group separated from Pleurotus eryngii. They were closely related to each other but were clustered according to their geographical origins, which implied the Chinese populations were highly differentiated from the Italian populations because of distance isolation, and the two populations from different regions might be still in the process of allopatric divergence.