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Effects of Koumine on Adjuvant- and Collagen-Induced Arthritis in Rats

Yang, Jian, Cai, Hong-Da, Zeng, Yu-Lan, Chen, Ze-Hong, Fang, Meng-Han, Su, Yan-Ping, Huang, Hui-Hui, Xu, Ying, Yu, Chang-Xi
Journal of natural products 2016 v.79 no.10 pp. 2635-2643
Gelsemium, alkaloids, animal models, antibodies, blood serum, clinical examination, collagen, dose response, immunization, interleukin-1beta, liver, radiography, rats, rheumatoid arthritis, thymus gland, tissue weight, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
To examine the effect of koumine, a Gelsemium alkaloid, on two experimental models of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were administered koumine (0.6, 3, or 15 mg/kg/day) or vehicle through gastric gavage (i.g.). Clinical evaluation was performed via measurements of hind paw volume, arthritis index (AI) score, mechanical withdrawal threshold, organ weight, and by radiographic and histological examinations. Levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and antitype II collagen (CII) antibody were also examined. In rats with AIA, koumine reduced the AI score and mechanical allodynia of the injected hind paw in a dose-dependent manner and significantly inhibited increase in thymus and liver weights. In rats with CIA, koumine inhibited increase in hind paw volume, AI score, and mechanical allodynia in a dose-dependent manner and reduced joint space narrowing. Furthermore, koumine also attenuated the increase in the expression of IL-1β and TNF-α, as well as the robust increase of serum anti-CII antibodies in response to immunization. These results suggested that koumine effectively attenuated arthritis progression in two rat models of RA and that this therapeutic effect may be associated with its immunoregulatory action.